Dr. Anil Goyal
Dr. Uttam Mete
Dr. Subhash Yadav
Acute: A disease which is sudden in appearance and severe in intensity.
Acute Renal Failure: Loss of function of both kidneys (often temporary) leading to formation of very little or no urine. There is no desire to pass urine and the blood level of nitrogenous waste material( urea and creatinine) increases
Bladder (urinary): Stores the urine produced by kidneys. This hollow bag of nearly a pint capacity is situated in the lower abdomen just above the external genitals.
Bladder neck: The junction of bladder with the urethra. Can become narrow and tight causing obstruction to urination.
Caruncle: Small red cherry like swelling occurring at the urethral opening in some females causing obstruction at times
Chronic: Long standing illness, slow in onset and gradual in progress, often causes less alarming symptoms
Chronic Renal Failure: Slow and insidious loss of function of both kidneys (often permanent) leading to multiple general symptoms. Urine output is often normal till very late in the course of illness
Compulsive Polydipsia: Habit of drinking unnecessarily large amounts of water which one cannot avoid as there is a feeling of compulsion
Cowper's Gland: Paired small glands situated in the urethra in the perineum region in males causing normal discharge of a few drops of sticky watery substance on sexual excitement. This is not semen and is not a disease
Cystitis: Infection/inflammation of urinary bladder more commonly seen in females and children and causes painful and frequent urination
Cystocele: Bulging of urinary bladder though the wall of vagina mainly due to muscle weakness specially after multiple pregnancies
Detrusor hyperreflexia: An abnormal tendency of bladder to start pumping urine out without filling to capacity at slightest ( or no ) provocation. This results in severe urgency to pass urine and cannot be prevented voluntarily
Diverticulum: An out pouching of urethra or bladder at one or multiple points in the wall. Can cause obstruction to urine flow if present in urethra
Epididymitis: Swelling of a small part of testicle caused by infection. Causes pain and can affect fertility if both sides get involved. Acute attack is very painful with fever and obvious swelling and redness. Chronic version has moderate pain and nodularity of that organ
Gonococcal Urethritis: A sexually transmitted disease caused by a germ called gonococcus.
Hemangioma: A collection of abnormal blood vessels producing tiny swelling in urethra or ureter . Can cause spontaneous bleeding in urine
Hydronephrosis: Swelling of the collecting system of kidney due to obstruction down stream. Causes pain in the loin region and can damage the kidney permanently
Hydrocele: Collection of watery fluid in the scrotum around the testis. Mostly painless and needs operation mainly for being unsightly
Interstitial cystitis: Special kind of inflammation of urinary bladder leading to reduced holding capacity. Also causes painful urination and sometimes bleeding at the end of it.
Inguinal hernia: Swelling under the skin of groin and scrotum caused by bulging of intestines due to weakness of abdominal muscles.
Kidney: These are paired organs situated under the lower ribs on each side nearer to back. Kidneys make urine by filtering blood and remove waste products from the body. They are bean shaped and fist sized.
Neurogenic Bladder: The normal Bladder depends on its nerve connection to know when it is full of urine and to empty itself by forceful pumping. If the nerves are not functioning well due to some disease or injury to spinal column the bladder either fails to empty completely or empties very frequently without control.
Nephrologist: The doctor who treats disease of kidneys mainly by medicines .
Nephrotic Syndrome: Generalized swelling all over the body due to leaking of proteins from kidneys
Orchialgia: Chronic or recurrent pain in testis without any obvious abnormal findings or cause.
Prostate: This gland of the size and shape of - nut is situated at the joint of urethra and bladder only in males. Normally contributes part of semen fluid.
Prostatitis: Infection/ inflammation of prostate gland. May cause pain, burning urination, fever or obstruction.
Posterior urethral valves: Small folds of flesh present since birth in some male children's urethra causing obstruction to urination. Can damage the kidneys badly at a very early age.
Pyelonephritis: Severe infection of kidney causing fever and pain in the flank or loin.
Pyonephrosis: Collection of pus inside kidney where urine is collected. Usually related to down steam obstruction. Leads to rapid damage to kidney and causes severe pain and fever.
Renal carbuncle: Abscess in the body of kidney caused by infection. Can lead to collection of pus outside the kidney. Causes pain and fever.
Retention of Urine: A condition when urine is retained in the bladder instead of being expelled out as desired. This is usually due to obstruction in the passage.
Stone (urinary): A hard stone like object formed inside the urinary system and causes pain bleeding or obstruction. Can be present anywhere in the system from kidney, ureter, bladder down to urethra
Stenosis: narrowing of the inside caliber of a tube
Stricture (of urethra): Excessive narrowing of urethra causing difficulty in passing urine.
Stress incontinence: Leakage of urine involuntarily specially in females as a result of staining like during coughing or bending
Torsion of testis: Sudden spontaneous twisting of the cord by which testis hangs in the scrotum. Causes severe pain and can destroy the testis is not urgently untwisted
Urethra: This is a narrow tube through which urine passes in order to come out from the bladder. This tube is longer in the males and passes through the genitals.
Urethritis: Infection in the urethra mainly caused by sexual intercourse and results in severe painful urination. Can in some cases lead to stricture later.
Ureter: These narrow paired tubes transfer the urine produced by each kidney down to the single bladder. These tubes are about 25 cm. long.
Urinary Fistula: A communication from any point of urinary tract to the exterior so that involuntary leakage of urine takes place.
Urology: The branch of surgery describing the diseases of urinary system and their treatment.
Urologist: The doctor who practices urology.